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American Business History A Very Short Introduction

American Business History  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Walter A. Friedman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190622474
Size: 63.76 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 4498

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American Business History A Very Short Introduction

by Walter A. Friedman, American Business History A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download American Business History A Very Short Introduction books, By the early twentieth century, it became common to describe the United States as a "business civilization." President Coolidge in 1925 said, "The chief business of the American people is business." More recently, historian Sven Beckert characterized Henry Ford's massive manufactory as the embodiment of America: "While Athens had its Parthenon and Rome its Colosseum, the United States had its River Rouge Factory in Detroit..." How did business come to assume such power and cultural centrality in America? This volume explores the variety of business enterprise in the United States and analyzes its presence in the country's economy, its evolution over time, and its meaning in society. It introduces readers to formative business leaders (including Elbert Gary, Harlow Curtice, and Mary Kay Ash), leading firms (Mellon Bank, National Cash Register, Xerox), and fiction about business people (The Octopus, Babbitt, The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit). It also discusses Alfred Chandler, Joseph Schumpeter, Mira Wilkins, and others who made significant contributions to understanding of America's business history. This VSI pursues its three central themes - the evolution, scale, and culture of American business - in a chronological framework stretching from the American Revolution to today. The first theme is evolution: How has U.S. business evolved over time? How have American companies competed with one another and with foreign firms? Why have ideas about strategy and management changed? Why did business people in the mid-twentieth century celebrate an "organizational" culture promising long-term employment in the same company, while a few decades later entrepreneurship was prized? Second is scale: Why did business assume such enormous scale in the United States? Was the rise of gigantic corporations due to the industriousness of its population, or natural resources, or government policies? And third, culture: What are the characteristics of a "business civilization"? How have opinions on the meaning of business changed? In the late nineteenth century, Andrew Carnegie believed that America's numerous enterprises represented an exuberant "triumph of democracy." After World War II, however, sociologist William H. Whyte saw business culture as stultifying, and historian Richard Hofstadter wrote, "Once great men created fortunes; today a great system creates fortunate men." How did changes in the nature of business affect popular views? Walter A. Friedman provides the long view of these important developments.




American Legal History A Very Short Introduction

American Legal History  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: G. Edward White
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199766002
Size: 17.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 149
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American Legal History A Very Short Introduction

by G. Edward White, American Legal History A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download American Legal History A Very Short Introduction books, A concise examination of the central role of legal decisions in shaping key social issues explores topics ranging from Native American affairs and slavery to business and home life as well as how criminal and civil offenses have been addressed in positive and negative ways. Original.




Management A Very Short Introduction

Management  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: John Hendry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199656983
Size: 47.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 138
View: 2694

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Management A Very Short Introduction

by John Hendry, Management A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Management A Very Short Introduction books, In this Very Short Introduction, John Hendry provides a lively introduction to the nature and principles of management. Tracing its development over the past century, Hendry looks not only at the jobs managers do today and their place in the culture of work, but also provides an insight into modern management theory.




Ethics A Very Short Introduction

Ethics  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Simon Blackburn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198868103
Size: 55.34 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 128
View: 215

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Ethics A Very Short Introduction

by Simon Blackburn, Ethics A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ethics A Very Short Introduction books, Simon Blackburn tackles the major moral questions surrounding birth, death, happiness, desire, and freedom, and considers how we should think about the meaning of life. This new edition highlights the importance of an understanding of approaches to ethics and its foundations, and how this relates to our modern world of eroding trust.




Ecology A Very Short Introduction

Ecology  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Jaboury Ghazoul
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198831013
Size: 69.45 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 184
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Ecology A Very Short Introduction

by Jaboury Ghazoul, Ecology A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Ecology A Very Short Introduction books, Understanding how our living environment works is essentially a study of ecological systems. Ecology is the science of how organisms interact with each other and with their environment, and how such interactions create self-organising communities and ecosystems. This science touches us all. The food we eat, the water we drink, the natural resources we use, our physical and mental health, and much of our cultural heritage are to a large degree products of ecological interactions of organisms and their environment. This Very Short Introduction celebrates the centrality of ecology in our lives. Jaboury Ghazoul explores how ecology has evolved rapidly from natural history to become a predictive science that explains how the natural world works, and which guides environmental policy and management decisions. Drawing on a range of examples, he shows how ecological science can be applied to management and conservation, including the extent to which theory has shaped practice. Ecological science has also shaped social and cultural perspectives on the environment, a process that influences politics of the environment. Ghazoul concludes by considering the future of ecology, particularly in the light of current and future environmental challenges. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.




Contemporary Art A Very Short Introduction

Contemporary Art  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Julian Stallabrass
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198826621
Size: 39.49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 200
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Contemporary Art A Very Short Introduction

by Julian Stallabrass, Contemporary Art A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Contemporary Art A Very Short Introduction books, Contemporary art has never been so popular - but the art world is changing. In a landscape of increasing globalization there is growing interest in questions over the nature of contemporary art today, and the identity of who is controlling its future. In the midst of this, contemporary art continues to be a realm of freedom where artists shock, break taboos, flout generally received ideas, and switch between confronting viewers with works of great emotional profundity and jaw-dropping triviality. In this Very Short Introduction Julian Stallabrass gives a clear view on the diverse and rapidly moving scene of contemporary art. Exploring art's striking globalisation from the 1990s onwards, he analyses how new regions and nations, such as China, have leapt into astonishing prominence, over-turning the old Euro-American dominance on aesthetics. Showing how contemporary art has drawn closer to fashion and the luxury goods market as artists have become accomplished marketers of their work, Stallabrass discusses the reinvention of artists as brands. This new edition also considers how once powerful art criticism has mutated into a critical and performative writing at which many artists excel. Above all, behind the insistent rhetoric of freedom and ambiguity in art, Stallabrass explores how big business and the super-rich have replaced the state as the primary movers of the contemporary art scene, especially since the financial crisis, and become a powerful new influence over the art world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.




The Maya A Very Short Introduction

The Maya  a Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Matthew Restall
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190645024
Size: 14.57 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 3724

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The Maya A Very Short Introduction

by Matthew Restall, The Maya A Very Short Introduction Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The Maya A Very Short Introduction books, The Maya forged one of the greatest societies in the history of the ancient Americas and in all of human history. Long before contact with Europeans, Maya communities built spectacular cities with large, well-fed large populations. They mastered the visual arts, and developed a sophisticated writing system that recorded extraordinary knowledge in calendrics, mathematics, and astronomy. The Maya achieved all this without area-wide centralized control. There was never a single, unified Maya state or empire, but always numerous, evolving ethnic groups speaking dozens of distinct Mayan languages. The people we call "Maya" never thought of themselves as such; yet something definable, unique, and endlessly fascinating - what we call Maya culture - has clearly existed for millennia. So what was their self-identity and how did Maya civilization come to be "invented?" With the Maya historically subdivided and misunderstood in so many ways, the pursuit of what made them "the Maya" is all the more important. In this Very Short Introduction, Restall and Solari explore the themes of Maya identity, city-state political culture, art and architecture, the Maya concept of the cosmos, and the Maya experience of contact with including invasion by outsiders. Despite its brevity, this book is unique for its treatment of all periods of Maya civilization, from its origins to the present.




                                   PDF
Author: Лаймен Баум
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457057003
Size: 61.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Juvenile Fiction
Languages : uk
Pages : 4444
View: 7159

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by Лаймен Баум, Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download books, Маленькі читачі матимуть змогу познайомитись із найпопулярнішими казковими повістями американського письменника Френка Баума. «Дивовижний чарівник із Країни Оз» – це захоплива історія про дівчинку Дороті з Канзасу, яка разом із песиком Тото потрапляє у казкову Країну Оз. Зустрівши Страшила, Залізного Лісоруба і Лякливого Лева, Дороті вирушає з ними до Смарагдового Міста, щоб могутній чарівник допоміг їм у здійсненні найзаповітніших бажань. У повісті «Дивовижна Країна Оз» розповідається про неймовірні пригоди Страшила, Залізного Лісоруба та їхніх нових друзів у чарівній країні. Для дітей молодшого шкільного віку.




Capitalism

Capitalism PDF
Author: James Fulcher
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198726074
Size: 27.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 160
View: 1408

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Capitalism

by James Fulcher, Capitalism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Capitalism books, This title outlines the history and development of capitalism and addresses important 21st-century issues, such as New Labour's relationship with capitalism, recent crises in capitalist systems, the significance of global capitalism, and distinctive national models of capitalism. The word is heard and used frequently. Most people have an opinion about it. Has capital escaped the nation-state by going global? Is it doomed? There are alternatives to capitalism, in the guises of socialism, communal and cooperative experiments, and alternatives proposed by environmentalists.




Measurement

Measurement PDF
Author: David J. Hand
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198779569
Size: 34.16 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 4114

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Measurement

by David J. Hand, Measurement Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Measurement books, Measurement is a fundamental concept that underpins almost every aspect of the modern world. It is central to the sciences, social sciences, medicine, and economics, but it affects everyday life. We measure everything - from the distance of far-off galaxies to the temperature of the air, levels of risk, political majorities, taxes, blood pressure, IQ, and weight. The history of measurement goes back to the ancient world, and its story has been one of gradual standardization. Today there are different types of measurement, levels of accuracy, and systems of units, applied in different contexts. Measurement involves notions of variability, accuracy, reliability, and error, and challenges such as the measurement of extreme values. In this Very Short Introduction, David Hand explains the common mathematical framework underlying all measurement, the main approaches to measurement, and the challenges involved. Following a brief historical account of measurement, he discusses measurement as used in the physical sciences and engineering, the life sciences and medicine, the social and behavioural sciences, economics, business, and public policy. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.