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The First Cold Warrior

The First Cold Warrior PDF
Author: Elizabeth Edwards Spalding
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813138396
Size: 16.34 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 4670

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The First Cold Warrior

by Elizabeth Edwards Spalding, The First Cold Warrior Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The First Cold Warrior books, From the first days of his unexpected presidency in April 1945 through the landmark NSC 68 of 1950, Harry Truman was central to the formation of America's grand strategy during the Cold War and the subsequent remaking of U.S. foreign policy. Others are frequently associated with the terminology of and responses to the perceived global Communist threat after the Second World War: Walter Lippmann popularized the term "cold war," and George F. Kennan first used the word "containment" in a strategic sense. Although Kennan, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, and Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall have been seen as the most influential architects of American Cold War foreign policy, The First Cold Warrior draws on archives and other primary sources to demonstrate that Harry Truman was the key decision maker in the critical period between 1945 and 1950. In a significant reassessment of the thirty-third president and his political beliefs, Elizabeth Edwards Spalding contends that it was Truman himself who defined and articulated the theoretical underpinnings of containment. His practical leadership style was characterized by policies and institutions such as the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, NATO, the Berlin airlift, the Department of Defense, and the National Security Council. Part of Truman's unique approach -- shaped by his religious faith and dedication to anti-communism -- was to emphasize the importance of free peoples, democratic institutions, and sovereign nations. With these values, he fashioned a new liberal internationalism, distinct from both Woodrow Wilson's progressive internationalism and Franklin D. Roosevelt's liberal pragmatism, which still shapes our politics. Truman deserves greater credit for understanding the challenges of his time and for being America's first cold warrior. This reconsideration of Truman's overlooked statesmanship provides a model for interpreting the international crises facing the United States in this new era of ideological conflict.




George C Marshall And The Early Cold War

George C  Marshall and the Early Cold War PDF
Author: William A. Taylor
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806167653
Size: 23.45 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 310
View: 828

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George C Marshall And The Early Cold War

by William A. Taylor, George C Marshall And The Early Cold War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download George C Marshall And The Early Cold War books, Though best known for his central part in the American war effort from 1939 to 1945, George C. Marshall’s critical role in the early Cold War was probably at least as important in shaping the policies and politics of the postwar western world—and in cementing his place as a pivotal figure in twentieth-century American history. This book places Marshall squarely at the center of the story of the American century by examining his tenure in key policymaking positions during this period, including army chief of staff, special presidential envoy to China, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, among others. George C. Marshall and the Early Cold War brings together a diverse and accomplished group of scholars—including military, diplomatic, and institutional historians—to explore how Marshall, Time magazine’s “Man of the Year” in both 1943 and 1947 and the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize winner, molded debates on all the major issues of his day, such as universal military training, China’s civil war, an independent air force, the National Security Act of 1947, nuclear weapons, European Recovery Program, North Atlantic Treaty, Korean War, and racial integration of the U.S. military. With a focus on Marshall’s public service at the intersection of American policy, politics, and society, the authors provide a comprehensive historical account of his central role in shaping America during a tumultuous yet formative period in the nation’s history. Their work fills a void in the scholarship of American military history and American history generally, providing context for the consideration of broader questions about American power and the place of the military within American society.




Cold War Resistance

Cold War Resistance PDF
Author: Marc Landas
Publisher: Potomac Books
ISBN: 1640121056
Size: 65.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 368
View: 4841

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Cold War Resistance

by Marc Landas, Cold War Resistance Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cold War Resistance books, In June 1941 a pair of British scientists boarded a plane for America with World War II raging all around them. They carried a precious commodity—penicillin—and the knowledge that it would change history. Once the U.S. government had been debriefed, the Office of Science Research and Development, in conjunction with British counterparts, assumed control, and penicillin became a top-secret matter of national security, second in importance only to the atomic bomb. In Cold War Resistance Marc Landas uncovers the dark history behind the discovery, production, and distribution of penicillin and other antibiotics. In 1949 the United States embargoed any material deemed of “strategic importance,” including antibiotics, from going to Communist countries, effectively shutting off the Soviet Union from a modern medical miracle. The Soviets responded by creating satellite antibiotic factories in Warsaw Pact countries that produced subpar antibiotics, which soon led to antibiotic resistance. Today, the number of effective antibiotics available is dwindling, and the state of antibiotic resistance is worsening. The Cold War played a critical role in fostering this resistance, as Landas argues in this pathbreaking history of the international struggle over antibiotics.




George F Kennan And The Origins Of Containment 1944 1946

George F  Kennan and the Origins of Containment  1944 1946 PDF
Author: George Frost Kennan
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826211095
Size: 18.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 85
View: 1423

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George F Kennan And The Origins Of Containment 1944 1946

by George Frost Kennan, George F Kennan And The Origins Of Containment 1944 1946 Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download George F Kennan And The Origins Of Containment 1944 1946 books, These letters show Kennan's fear of the extent to which the United States misunderstood the Soviet regime. Especially in 1944, at the time of the Russians' betrayal of the Warsaw Uprising, it became evident that the Soviets were interested in establishing their rigid domination of Eastern and Central Europe and dividing the continent.




The United States The Soviet Union And The Geopolitical Implications Of The Origins Of The Cold War

The United States  the Soviet Union and the Geopolitical Implications of the Origins of the Cold War PDF
Author: Nicolas Lewkowicz
Publisher: Anthem Press
ISBN: 1783088001
Size: 24.15 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 250
View: 3403

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The United States The Soviet Union And The Geopolitical Implications Of The Origins Of The Cold War

by Nicolas Lewkowicz, The United States The Soviet Union And The Geopolitical Implications Of The Origins Of The Cold War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The United States The Soviet Union And The Geopolitical Implications Of The Origins Of The Cold War books, ‘The United States, the Soviet Union and the Geopolitical Implications of the Origins of the Cold War, 1945–1949’ describes how the United States and the Soviet Union deployed their hard and soft power resources to create the basis for the institutionalization of the international order in the aftermath of World War Two. The book argues that the origins of the Cold War should not be seen from the perspective of a magnified spectrum of conflict but should be regarded as a process by which the superpowers attempted to forge a normative framework capable of sustaining their geopolitical needs and interests in the post-war scenario. ‘The United States, the Soviet Union and the Geopolitical Implications of the Origins of the Cold War, 1945–1949’ examines how the use of ideology and the instrument of political intervention in the spheres of influence managed by the superpowers were conducive to the establishment of a stable international order. It postulates that the element of conflict present in the early period of the Cold War served to demarcate the scope of manoeuvring available to each of the superpowers and studies the notion that the United States and the Soviet Union were primarily interested in establishing the conditions for the accomplishment of their vital geostrategic interests. This required the implementation of social norms imposed in the respective spheres of influence, a factor that provided certainty to the spectrum of interstate relations after the period of turmoil that culminated with the onset of World War Two.




Cold War Fantasies

Cold War Fantasies PDF
Author: Ronnie D. Lipschutz
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 074257394X
Size: 41.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 4088

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Cold War Fantasies

by Ronnie D. Lipschutz, Cold War Fantasies Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Cold War Fantasies books, As memories of the Cold War recede, it becomes more and more difficult to remember what it was about and why it evoked such feelings of intensity and fatalism. Fortunately, we have a gold mine of movies and novels to help us recall why an entire generation of Americans grew up ducking under school desks in air raid drills and stocking the family bomb shelter. Cold War Fantasies retrieves those times, based on the idea that a nation's history, self-concept, and collective anxiety are reflected in popular culture. In Cold War Fantasies, Ronnie Lipschutz combines an historical account of foreign and domestic politics from 1945 to 1995 with summaries and analyses of 30 novels and films contemporaneously published and produced.




Pius Xii The Holocaust And The Cold War

Pius XII  the Holocaust  and the Cold War PDF
Author: Michael Phayer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 71.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 333
View: 4931

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Pius Xii The Holocaust And The Cold War

by Michael Phayer, Pius Xii The Holocaust And The Cold War Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Pius Xii The Holocaust And The Cold War books, The story of these Vatican "ratlinesadds another facet to the complex picture of Pius XII and the Holocaust.




Rough Draft

Rough Draft PDF
Author: Amy J. Rutenberg
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501739379
Size: 23.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 276
View: 2957

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Rough Draft

by Amy J. Rutenberg, Rough Draft Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Rough Draft books, Rough Draft draws the curtain on the race and class inequities of the Selective Service during the Vietnam War. Amy J. Rutenberg argues that policy makers' idealized conceptions of Cold War middle-class masculinity directly affected whom they targeted for conscription and also for deferment. Federal officials believed that college educated men could protect the nation from the threat of communism more effectively as civilians than as soldiers. The availability of deferments for this group mushroomed between 1945 and 1965, making it less and less likely that middle-class white men would serve in the Cold War army. Meanwhile, officials used the War on Poverty to target poorer and racialized men for conscription in the hopes that military service would offer them skills they could use in civilian life. As Rutenberg shows, manpower policies between World War II and the Vietnam War had unintended consequences. While some men resisted military service in Vietnam for reasons of political conscience, most did so because manpower polices made it possible. By shielding middle-class breadwinners in the name of national security, policymakers militarized certain civilian roles—a move that, ironically, separated military service from the obligations of masculine citizenship and, ultimately, helped kill the draft in the United States.