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Victimization In Schools

Victimization in Schools PDF
Author: Gary D. Gottfredson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468449850
Size: 60.96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 262
View: 6208

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Victimization In Schools

by Gary D. Gottfredson, Victimization In Schools Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Victimization In Schools books, The perception that our nation's public schools are disorderly and unsafe is widespread, and the image of the public school is deteriorating. Since 1974, the Gallup organization has gathered opinions about the public schools. The percentage giving the schools an "A" rating declined from 18% to 6% between 1974 and 1983 (Gallup, 1974, 1984). In a recent survey of America's teenagers, only 9% gave the schools an "A" rating (Bahner, 1980, p. 106). Lack of discipline tops the list of the problems adults see facing schools, and class disturbances and theft are reported by teenagers to be "very big" or "fairly big" problems in their schools (Bahner, 1980, p. 107). These public perceptions are fostered by and reflected in national media attention ("City Schools in Crisis," 1977; "Help! Teacher Can't Teach!" 1980; "High Schools under Fire," 1977). Public concern is also reflected in Congressional hearings where testimony creates the image of grave disorder within our schools (U.s. Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, 1975, 1976b; U.s. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education, 1980). The public has given the schools low marks, and the Senate Judiciary Committee (1975) gave the schools an" A" in violence and vandalism. In short, parents, students, and public officials are alarmed at what they see as a rising tide of violence and disorder in the schools and are concerned about how much learning can occur in a disruptive environ ment, and about the safety of teachers and students.




School Violence In Context

School Violence in Context PDF
Author: Rami Benbenishty
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198035886
Size: 40.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 248
View: 1958

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School Violence In Context

by Rami Benbenishty, School Violence In Context Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download School Violence In Context books, Drawing on one of the most comprehensive and representative studies of school violence ever conducted, Benbenishty and Astor explore and differentiate the many manifestations of victimization in schools, providing a new model for understanding school violence in context. The authors make striking use of the geopolitical climate of the Middle East to model school violence in terms of its context within as well as outside of the school site. This pioneering new work is unique in that it uses empirical data to show which variables and factors are similar across different cultures and which variables appear unique to different cultures. This empirical contrast of universal with culturally specific patterns is sorely needed in the school violence literature. The authors' innovative research maps the contours of verbal, social, physical, and sexual victimization and weapons possession, as well as staff-initiated violence against students, presenting some startling findings along the way. When comparing schools in Israel with schools in California, the authors demonstrate for the first time that for most violent events the patterns of violent behaviors have the same relationship for different age groups, genders, and nations. Conversely, they highlight specific kinds of violence that are strongly influenced by culture. They reveal, for example, how Arab boys encounter much more boy-to-boy sexual harassment than their Jewish peers, and that teacher-initiated victimization of students constitutes a significant and often overlooked type of school violence, especially among certain cultural groups. Crucially, the authors expand the paradigm of understanding school violence to encompass the intersection of cultural, ethnic, neighborhood, and family characteristics with intra-school factors such as teacher-student dynamics, anti-violence policies, student participation, grade level, and religious and gender divisions. It is only by understanding the multiple contexts of school violence, they argue, that truly effective prevention programs, interventions, research agendas, and policies can be implemented. In an age of heightened concern over school security, this study has enormous implications for school violence theory, research, and policy throughout the world. The patterns that emerge from the authors' analysis form a blueprint for the research agenda needed to address new and exciting theoretical and practical questions regarding the intersections of context and school victimization. The unique perspective on school violence will undoubtedly strike a chord with all readers, informing scholars and students across the fields of social work, psychology, education, sociology, public health, and peace/conflict studies. Its clearly written and accessible style will appeal to teachers, principals, policy makers and parents interested in the authors' practical discussion of policy and intervention implications, making this an invaluable tool for understanding, preventing, and handling violence in schools throughout the world.




Peer Harassment In School

Peer Harassment in School PDF
Author: Jaana Juvonen
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572306271
Size: 26.72 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 440
View: 4786

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Peer Harassment In School

by Jaana Juvonen, Peer Harassment In School Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Peer Harassment In School books, Which students become the targets of aggressive behavior, and why? What are the psychological and health consequences of victimization? What can school professionals do to help? This volume presents the latest psychological research on chronically victimized children and adolescents. Chapters review conceptual and methodological issues, identify developmental differences in types of harassment, and explore reaction patterns associated with victimization.




Victimization In Schools

Victimization in Schools PDF
Author: Gary D. Gottfredson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781468449860
Size: 26.67 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 264
View: 7710

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Victimization In Schools

by Gary D. Gottfredson, Victimization In Schools Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Victimization In Schools books,




Student Victimization In U S Schools

Student Victimization in U S  Schools PDF
Author: Lynn Bauer
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 39.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 58
View: 2192

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Student Victimization In U S Schools

by Lynn Bauer, Student Victimization In U S Schools Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Student Victimization In U S Schools books, This report provides estimates of student victimization as defined by the 2005 School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the 2005 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). the nation's primary source of information on crime victimization and the victims of crime in the United States. SCS is a supplement to NCVS that was created to collect information about school-related victimization on a national level, and was conducted in 1989, 1995, 1999, 2001, 2003, and 2005. The report presents five sections of results. The first two sections discuss the prevalence and type of student victimization at school and selected characteristics of victims, including their demographic characteristics and school type. The third section explores victim and nonvictim reports of conditions of an unfavorable school climate, such as the presence of gangs and weapons and the availability of drugs. The fourth section examines victimization and student reports of security measures taken at school to secure school buildings and the use of personnel and enforcement of administrative procedures at school to ensure student safety. The fifth section examines fear and avoidance behaviors of victims and nonvictims, such as skipping class or avoiding specific places at school. SCS is cross-sectional and nonexperimental. Further, certain characteristics discussed in this report may be related to one another, but this analysis does not control for such possible relationships. Therefore, no causal inferences should be made between school or student characteristics and victimization when reading these results. Selected major findings from the 2005 NCVS and SCS include: (1) Four percent of students ages 12 through 18 reported that they were victims of any crime at school, and one percent of students reported being victims of violent crime at school; (3) The percentage of males who reported being victims of a violent crime at school was higher than the percentage of females; (4) Of the students who reported they were victims of a violent crime at school, the percentage of 6th-grade and 7th-grade students was higher than the percentage of 10th-grade students; (5) Of those students who reported being victims of violent crime, a higher percentage mostly C's than students who reported receiving mostly A's or B's; (6) Three percent of students who attended public schools reported being victims of theft, compared to 1 percent of students who attended private schools; (7) Forty-one percent of student victims of any crime reported the presence of gangs at school compared to 23 percent of students who were not victims; (9) Fifty percent of student victims of theft and 51 percent of student victims of violent crime said drugs were available at their schools, compared to 34 percent of students who were not victims; (8) A higher percentage of students who reported being victims of theft reported that their schools used security guards or assigned police officers compared to nonvictims of any crime; (9) The percentage of student victims of theft and violent crimes who reported being afraid of attack or harm at school was higher than nonvictims of any crime; and (10) A higher percentage of students reporting violent crime reported avoiding specific places at school and avoiding extracurricular activities because of fear of attack or harm than nonvictims of any crime. The U.S. public continues to be concerned about crime in school and the safety of students, as well as how victimization at school may be an impediment to student success. Crime in schools can have negative implications not only for those directly involved in the incident but also for other students, faculty, and staff, and create an environment that is unfavorable for successful educational attainment. Findings presented in this report aid in identifying the scope of victimization at school, environmental conditions that may be associated with it, and its ramifications. These findings can help educators, policymakers, administrators, and parents understand the extent of student victimization in order to develop policies that better address issues of school crime and violence. Five appendixes are included: (1) Technical Notes; (2) Estimate Tables; (3) Standard Error tables; (4) 2005 School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Instrument; and (5) Selected Items from the National Crime Victimization Survey Crime Incident Report (NCVS-2). (Contains 13 footnotes, 5 figures and 14 tables.).




Peer Victimization In Schools An International Perspective

Peer Victimization In Schools An International Perspective PDF
Author: Oyaziwo Aluede
Publisher:
ISBN: 9788185264400
Size: 38.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Bullying in schools
Languages : en
Pages : 68
View: 4885

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Peer Victimization In Schools An International Perspective

by Oyaziwo Aluede, Peer Victimization In Schools An International Perspective Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Peer Victimization In Schools An International Perspective books, The special issue has an international focus, with researchers providing information on bullying around the world. There has been an unprecedented increase in the study of bullying among school children worldwide. The continuous study of Bullying has become necessary because in spite of public exposure, therapeutic interventions, penalties, etc., incidents of bullying are increasing at an alarming rate in the past decade. This special issue is an effort to provide increased knowledge to readers/ practitioners about bullying, and prescribe better intervention strategies for its amelioration in the school system and society at large.




Revitalizing Victimization Theory

Revitalizing Victimization Theory PDF
Author: Travis C. Pratt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000367924
Size: 78.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 2300

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Revitalizing Victimization Theory

by Travis C. Pratt, Revitalizing Victimization Theory Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Revitalizing Victimization Theory books, Revitalizing Victimization Theory: Revisions, Applications, and New Directions revises some of the major perspectives in victimization theory, applies theoretical perspectives to the victimization of vulnerable populations, and carves out new theoretical territory that is clearly needed but has yet to be developed. With the exception of a handful of isolated works in the mid-twentieth century, theory and research on victimization did not come into its own until the late 1970s with the articulation of lifestyle and routine activity theories. Research conducted within this tradition continues to be an important part of the overall criminological enterprise, and a large body of empirical knowledge has been generated. Nevertheless, theoretical advances in the study of victimization have largely stalled within the field of criminology. Indeed, little in the way of new theoretical headway has been made in well over a decade. This is an ideal time to revitalize victimization theory, and this volume does just that. It is an ambitious project that will hopefully reignite the kinds of theoretical discussions that once held the attention of the field. The work included here will shape the future of victimization theory and research in years to come. This volume should be of interest to a wide range of criminologists and have the potential to be used in graduate seminars and upper-level undergraduate courses.




Peer Victimization In School

Peer Victimization in School PDF
Author: Adrienne Reiko Nishina
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 28.81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 428
View: 4668

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Peer Victimization In School

by Adrienne Reiko Nishina, Peer Victimization In School Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Peer Victimization In School books,